William Dougherty

Tellus Publications (Selected)

Scoping and Designing an Adaptation Project

William Dougherty, Erika Spanger-Siegfried

Using the Adaptation Policy Framework (APF), this technical paper seeks to assist project teams in designing projects to develop and implement adaptation strategies, policies, and measures that can ensure human development in the face of climate change. The APF provides a basis by which countries can evaluate and modify existing planning processes and practices to address climate change impacts. To do so, this paper walks the reader through a series of recommended tasks, preparing them for the hands-on work of project scoping and design.

Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change: Developing Strategies, Policies and Measures

William Dougherty, Erika Spanger-Siegfried

The development of the Adaptation Policy Framework (APF) is intended to help provide the rapidly evolving process of adaptation policymaking with a much needed roadmap. The APF can be used by countries to both evaluate and complement existing planning processes to address climate change adaptation. As an assessment, planning, and implementation framework, it lays out an approach to climate change adaptation that supports sustainable development, rather than the other way around. The APF is about practice rather than theory; it starts with the information that developing countries already possess concerning vulnerable systems such as agriculture, water resources, public health, and disaster management, and aims to exploit existing synergies and intersecting themes in order to enable better informed policymaking.

Technical reports available here.

Turning the Corner on Global Warming Emissions: An Analysis of Ten Strategies for California, Oregon, and Washington

Michael Lazarus, Alison Bailie, William Dougherty, Charles Heaps

This report makes a compelling case that the West Coast states can significantly reduce their global warming emissions over the next fifteen years. By 2020, the ten strategies in this report would reduce global warming pollution by 200 million metric tons—26 percent below the emissions that would otherwise occur, and 1 percent below today’s levels. While these reductions are not nearly enough to stabilize the climate, the ten strategies would represent a significant down payment on deeper emissions reductions.

An Approach for Better Aligning the Nation's Clean Air and Clean Energy Goals

Alison Bailie, Steve Bernow, William Dougherty

This study considers modifications to the Clean Air Act that would increase the number of emission allowances allocated to renewable energy generation to enable renewables to compete fairly in emission trading and clean air compliance markets, and estimates the economic and environmental benefits of these changes. This analysis provides better understanding of the benefits that would derive from a renewables role in Clean Air Act compliance regimes. The estimated impacts of these modifications are compared with those of other policies, including national renewable portfolio standards (RPS), a tighter cap for sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions and trading, modifications to the State Implementation Plans (SIP) for (nitrogen oxides (NOx) trading), multi-pollutant cap/trade, and a combination of multi-pollutant cap/trade and RPS.

Characterization of Criteria Air Pollutant and Greenhouse Gas Emission Factors Associated with Energy Use in the USA: Sources, Assumptions, Methodology

William Dougherty, Alison Bailie, Steve Bernow, Rachel Cleetus, Charles Heaps, Benjamin Runkle

This report characterizes emission factors for both criteria air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions for a variety of processes across the industrial, commercial, residential, transport, and electric sectors. This report is divided into two major parts, one for baseline-based emission factors and the other for measure-based emission factors. Baseline-based emission factors represent average sector-wide emission factors based on the existing and projected equipment vintage, and expected future emission regulations. Measure-based emission factors represent average lifetime emission factors for new technology. The sources, assumptions, and methodology used in characterizing these emission factors are included.

Assessment of Policies to Support Fuel Cell Buses and the Transition to the Hydrogen Economy

William Dougherty

Fuel cells represent a promising clean and efficient energy conversion technology for urban bus fleets throughout the world. Currently, UNDP/GEF-supported demonstration projects are underway in five countries: China, Brazil, Egypt, India, and Mexico. At the end of the GEF project’s lifetime, it is expected that the FCB initiative will have helped to bring fuel cell buses closer to commercialization and make them more attractive to other donors, and—ultimately—to private investors. This report presents an approach to evaluating investments in FCBs in a subsequent commercialization phase. It provides a policy framework to assess the country context favoring the continued support of multilateral institutions and other sources of investment in fuel cell buses.

Clean Energy: Jobs for America's Future

Alison Bailie, Steve Bernow, William Dougherty, Michael Lazarus, Sivan Kartha

In order to create a responsible, forward-looking energy policy, the United States will need to examine a number of important issues. Will the policy help meet America’s energy needs? Will it enhance national security? Will it contribute to a strong economy? Will it help meet America’s needs for a safe and healthy environment? In order to begin to answer these questions, World Wildlife Fund commissioned the Tellus Institute to consider the potential impacts of implementing a broad suite of clean energy policies over the next twenty years. This study analyzes the employment, macroeconomic, energy, and environmental impacts of implementing such policies.

New England's Global Warming Solutions

Steve Bernow, William Dougherty, Jana Dunbar, Thomas Page

This report presents a new detailed analysis of the energy impacts, carbon and pollutant emissions reductions, and economic benefits in New England of the national policies and measures analyzed in America’s Global Warming Solutions. That study indicated that the region would reap about one sixth of the net national employment created. Now, achieving such benefits by 2010 would require an even more aggressive set and schedule of policies, or else the benefits would occur somewhat later in time. Nonetheless, these results show that a truly aggressive national policy commitment to the problem of climate change could achieve large near-term carbon emissions reductions along with environmental and economic gains.

America's Global Warming Solutions

Steve Bernow, Sivan Kartha, William Dougherty, Karlynn Cory, Maxim Duckworth, Michael Ruth

This study finds that the US could reduce its carbon emissions to its Kyoto target and, indeed, to significantly below that target. Moreover, this can be achieved with overall net savings in the costs of energy and energy-using equipment. These policies and measures yield many other benefits, such as for human and ecosystem health, technological innovation, and job growth. They would also demonstrate clearly to the rest of the world the seriousness with which the US is acting to meet its climate protection responsibilities and, thereby, to help advance the goals of the climate convention.

Putting the Brakes on Sprawl: Innovative Transportation Solutions from the U.S. and Europe

Steve Bernow, D. Gurin, William Dougherty, Anne Reynolds

There is no one formula for reversing the consequences of uncontrolled and unplanned growth, yet there are successful strategies that can help American towns and cities combat sprawl. This report examines some innovative transportation practices in six cities—practices that can lessen sprawl's impact on our neighborhoods and on our environment. The report groups the problems and solutions under three, interrelated themes: (1) relieving traffic congestion, (2) overcoming inaccessibility, and (3) restoring neighborhood quality of life and downtown vitality.