The Effects of Irrigation on Wetland Ecosystems in Developing Countries: A Literature Review

This report reviews the scientific and “gray” literature to evaluate the extent to which irrigation has been shown to affect wetland ecosystems in developing countries. It aims to provide answers that may be useful in developing alternative future strategies for irrigation implementation and to assist in mitigating potential future ecological impacts. To the extent possible, it focuses on all potential types of impacts of irrigation on wetlands, including the effects of both water withdrawals upstream of the wetland and irrigation activities within the wetland itself.